Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re a die hard sports fan or a person that has never played a sport in their lives. When I optically discern that check logo I ken it can only be one company. That company is Nike.Now Nike is arguably one of the most recognizable clothing or sportswear companies in the world. Strangely enough out of the fifty-one plus years they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have their own magazine. Nike sends their business to the best outlet as far as shoes, sportswear and equipment which is Eastbay. Eastbay is most popular for being an online catalog.As far as I know Eastbay is the only sports catalog, theirÃ¢â¬â¢s not another one that comes to mind. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been getting Eastbay magazines for ten plus years, so as usual coming home from school, I stumble upon an Eastbay magazine that the cover alone caught my eye. This Eastbay and Nike cover ad argues thatÃ¢â¬ Geared for greatness this season is yoursÃ¢â¬ . The following paragraphs will explain how the visual composition of this adver tisements.Its argumentation and its product background all as one to create this intense ,yet simple persuasive ad. When someone first takes a gander of this cover, one of the first things you feel is intensity from the matte black helmet, black and white gloves and cleats. The minuscule tins of an highlight yellow. On a white background,Eastbay traditional logo bumblebee colors. At this point in time IÃ¢â¬â¢ve only mentioned the colors in this ad, but there is intensity everywhere .Not to mention that The icon fonts of NikeShow MoreRelatedMarketing Analysis of Nike1908 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMarket Analysis of Nike Julie Wilderman BUS330: Principles of Marketing Professor David Kalicharan August 08, 2011 Ã¢â¬Æ' Market Analysis of Nike One important issue marketers need to realize is that it is essential to have a heavy commitment and solid customer focus and to attempt to satisfy customer wants and needs. (Kotler Armstrong, 2012) Companies need to be able to gauge their threats and opportunities to fully understand the different roles in the marketing environment. EnvironmentalRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Nike, Adidas, Aon, And Nike1161 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageskey players. The major players as discussed in the industry analysis paper are Puma, Adidas, AON, and Nike. This essay entails a discussion of the competitive strategies each firm has over the others, giving reasons why the brands have been exceptional in the market. Strengths and weaknesses of Puma A SWOT analysis may be utilized to investigate into the strengths and weaknesses Puma has over the others, three key players. This analysis will show the risks and rewards of Puma (Ã Å¾en, 2008). The strengthsRead MoreMarketing Analysis Of Nike Inc.3315 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesreport, the author highlights the marketing analysis of the leading athletic footwear, Nike Inc. Nike is headquartered in the United States. The author examines the marketing strategies of Nike with the help marketing models such as Ansoff Matrix and Boston Consulting Group Matrix. The author even focuses on the segmentation, targeting and positioning of the products, consumer behaviour towards Nike and conducts a PESTLE analysis. It gives a brief introduction of Nike conveying the foundation and formationRead MoreNike Marketing Analysis1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBoustani Nike: Maintaining a Promotional Edge NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s initial product advertising strategy of using professional athletes for raising demand through word-of-mouth provided good publicity. However, its selective-demand advertising was mainly focused on high-priced shoes for traditional sports, and ignored newly developed market segments such as aerobics and extreme sports, and new trends such as brown shoes and casual footwear (Etzel, Walker, and Stanton). Nike launched a successful advertisingRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Nike s Strategy1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgrowth as thereÃ¢â¬â¢s more demand for trendy sportswear, most notably women as well as an increase in competitors; new look, Topshop and boohoo. Young people are the biggest sportswear buyers and are the most interested in innovation. (Sender, June 2015) Nike, as a company, fit into this market as the leader in sports fashion as they rank #1 in most valuable sports fashion and #18 overall on most valuable brands. (The worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most valuable brands, 2015). The objective of this assignment is to criticallyRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Nike s Marketing Strategy1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesapplying diversification strategy and being successful in diversification is Nike, Inc. This paper discusses NikeÃ¢â¬â¢s diversification strategies and how the company succeeds in using it. Along with corporate level strategy, this paper also touches upon the international strategy that Nike uses. Key Tie-Ins Ã¢â¬ ¢ Diversification strategy Ã¢â¬ ¢ International strategy Nike Diversification Strategy Upon first glance it is not very obvious that Nike employs diversification in their overall corporate strategy. The companyRead MoreMarketing Analysis : Nike s Brand1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesquality of a team relative to its competition. An example of the competition would include other teams in the conference/league. Second, brand awareness is the way a consumer will recall a brand and its name. A great example of that is the just do it of Nike. Third, brand association is tangible and intangible association that a consumer has with a brand in addition to the perception of quality (Gladden Wong, 1997). For instance, I love Don Cherry because he gives his fancy suits away to charity. AndRead MoreThe Analysis of Marketing Communications Campaign with the Case of Nike Football Shoes2352 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesIntroduction Marketing mix is an essential tool for companies to target their customers, price and promote their product and locate their places. By analysing the 4PÃ¢â¬â¢s, companies can make the plans and achieve their goals. Marketing communications, as the promotion factor in marketing mix plays a key role in developing marketing strategies. To getting more customers and compete with their rivals, companies spend a lot of money on promotion. The promotion activities like advertising, sales and discountsRead MoreA Research Report On Nike1612 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessituational analysis focuses on a world leading brand Nike. Firms undertake a situational analysis and planning process to identify and justify appropriate marketing opportunities for growth. This report provides an introduction to Nike with a background to the Company, its history and its product. This report also provides background data on the market, the product in more depth, its competition, the industry and the macro environment. A summary of the key findings from this situational analysis and aRead MoreNike vs Adidas1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesENTREPRENEURSHIP PROJECT CASE STUDY INTRODUCTION CONTENTS 1. | ACKNOWLGEMENT | 2. | AIM | 3. | INTODUCTION OF THE COMPANIES | 4. | COMPARISION OF MARKETING STRATEGY | 5. | DATA ANALYSIS | 6. | DATA REPORT | 7. | CONCLUSION | ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to thank my teacher Mrs. Grace for her extensive support in the completion of this entrepreneurship project and also providing me with help full tips. This
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Listed here, according to the 100-million-word British National Corpus, are the 100 most commonly used words in English. Many of these words are function words: they glue pieces of sentences together into longer syntactic units.Ã Where needed, the part of speech is identified to distinguish different grammatical uses of the same word.Ã thebeofandain (preposition: in the old days)to (infinitive marker: to sing)haveitto (preposition: to the country)for (preposition: for you)Ithat (relative pronoun: the book that I read)youheon (preposition: on the beach)with (preposition: with pleasure)do (verb: I do)at (preposition: at school)by (preposition: by midnight)notthis (determiner: this page)butfrom (preposition: from home)theyhis (determiner: his job)that (determiner: that song)sheorwhich (determiner: which book)as (conjunction: as we agreed)weansay (verb: say a prayer)will (auxiliary verb: I will try)wouldcan (auxiliary verb: I can go)iftheirgo (verb: go now)what (determiner: what time)thereall (determiner: all people)get (verb: get busy)her (determiner: her job)make (verb: make money)whoas (preposition: as a child)out (adverb: go out)up (adverb: go up)see (verb: see the sky)know (verb: know a place)time (time: a time to laugh)take (verb: take a break)themsome (determiner: some money)couldso (adverb: I said so)himyearint o (preposition: into the room)itsthenthink (verb: think hard)mycome (verb: come early)thanmore (adverb: more quickly)about (preposition: about you)nowlast (adjective: last call)yourmeno (determiner: no time)other (adjective: other people)givejust (adverb: just try)shouldthese (determiner: these days)peoplealsowell (adverb: well written)any (determiner: any day)onlynew (adjective: new friend)verywhen (conjunction: when you go)may (auxiliary verb: you may go)waylook (verb: look here)like (preposition: like a boat)use (verb: use your head)her (pronoun: give her)such (determiner: such problems)how (adverb: see how)becausewhen (adverb: know when)as (adverb: as good)good (adjective: good time)find (verb: find time)
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abstract - Road Traffic Accident is very serious matter of life. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that about 1.24 million people of the world die annually on the roads. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) estimated about 907,900, 1.3 million and 1.4 million deaths from road traffic injuries in 1990, 2010 and 2013, respectively. Uttar Pradesh in particular one of the state of India, experiences the highest rate of such accidents. Thus, methods to reduce accident severity are of great interest to traffic agencies and the public at large. In this paper, we applied data mining technologies to link recorded road characteristics to accident severity and developed a set of rules that could be used by the IndianÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Extensive data pre-processing resulted in a clean the dataset containing 1, 31,698 accidents instances with missing values. The class label (Ã¢â¬ËPredictAccÃ¢â¬â¢) had two nominal values: Ã¢â¬ËYesÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ë NoÃ¢â¬â¢. During data exploration, different numbers of attributes were selected by different feature selection techniques which are provided in WEKA. NaÃ ¯ve Bayes classifier is selected in WEKA for classification and prediction that whether the accident may occur (Yes) or not (No) with 7 attributes, including 6 independent variables and one dependent variable (the class-label attribute Ã¢â¬ËPredictAccÃ¢â¬â¢), were fed to explorer of WEKA. After that NaÃ ¯ve Bayes classifier was used, and an accuracy of 87.2527 % was achieved. In the second experiment, the number of attributes were increased to 8, including 7 independent variables and one dependent variable, an accuracy of 88.0613 % was achieved. In the third experiment, the number of attributes were increased to 13, including 12 independent variables and one dependent variable and accuracy of 89.4554 % was achieved. Experimental results of NaÃ ¯ve Bayes classifier are discussed in this section using the data mining tool WEKA. Traffic Accident data contains accident severity which represents the severity of the accident. The six kinds of accident severity are Injury, Fatal, Physical disabled, Property loss, Normal and Death. The data source for this researchShow MoreRelatedThe Baltimore City Howard Street Tunnel Fire1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Baltimore City Howard Street Tunnel Fire and ICS Paul H. Bilger Jr American Military University/ American Public University System Abstract The Howard Street Tunnel fire that occurred on 18 July, 2001 was a serious emergency incident that had the potential to become a catastrophic incident. On the day in question 10 cars out of a 60 car freight derailed causing a significant hazardous material spill, a subsequent fire, and a water main bursting due to the heat. Since the incident involvedRead MoreDriving Under the Influence4388 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesInstructor Paul Jake Table of Contents Abstract 3 Driving While Intoxicated 4 DWI Offenders 5 Statistics 5 Type of Crime 7 Identifying 8 Facts and Myths 9 Sanctions and Counter Measures 10 Current Sentencing 11 Cost 12 Court 14 Current Preventions 15 Proposed Solutions 15 Conclusion 17 References 19 Abstract The objective of the research paper is to discussRead MoreNigerian Roads: Economic Problems3068 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesNigerian roads: economic problems DEDICATION This work is dedicated to god almighty for his grace upon me through the accomplishment of this work. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I must not fail to acknowledge the immense effort of the following persons who was very instrumental to the successful accomplishment of this term paper. My parents Mr./Mrs. Akwang, my lecturers and finally my exponents who helped in broadening my view on the course. ABSTRAT This write-up aroused that onlyRead MoreCell Phones Should Not Be Banned4313 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesAbstract Accordingly, there are more mobile devices owned in the United States than there are people (2011). Many states have passed laws forbidding text messaging while driving, and there are even fewer that have passed laws that ban cell phone usage while driving completely. Even though the statistics are clear and that there is a problem, there is still yet to be a bill passed that eliminates the use of cell phones across all states, altogether. Many people believe that such a bill would limitRead MoreCrisis Management Tenerife7570 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesTerm Project Crisis Management Tenerife Planes Crash Case Study Table of Contents Contents Page Abstract History Key Discussion Question 1 Ã¢â¬â 9 Conclusion and Recommendation References 1 3 5 21 23 Abstract The Tenerife Disaster is a well known event among the aviation industry for being the worst air accident in human history. A Dutch KLM 747 and an American Pan Am 747 crashed into each other at a Spanish airport in the Canary Islands resulted in 583 death and a extensive mediaRead MoreMunicipal Solid Waste in Our Locality6282 Words Ã |Ã 26 Pagesperformed the basis for the award of any Degree or diploma / associateship / fellowship and similar project if any. Ishita Mandal Page |5 Guidelines of the Project Contents Area of ConcernÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. OverviewÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. Abstract Introduction Statement of the problem SignificanceÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ About Solid WasteÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Types of Solid WasteÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦... Sources of Solid WasteÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦... Plastic as Solid Waste.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Read More Noise Pollution Essay5677 Words Ã |Ã 23 PagesNoise Pollution Abstract No one on earth can escape the sounds of noise- an unwanted, disturbing sound that causes a nuisance in the eye of the beholder. Noise is a disturbance to the human environment that is escalating at such a high rate that it will become a major threat to the quality of human lives. In the past thirty years, noise in all areas, especially in urban areas, have been increasing rapidly. There are numerous effects on the human environment due to the increase in noiseRead MoreThe Ford Pinto Case9301 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesTHE FORD PINTO CASE: THE VALUATION OF LIFE AS IT APPLIES TO THE NEGLIGENCE-EFFICIENCY ARGUMENT Christopher Leggett Law Valuation Professor Palmiter Spring, 1999 Abstract Text of Paper -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract The cases involving the explosion of Ford Pintos due to a defective fuel system design led to the debate of many issues, most centering around the use by Ford of a cost-benefit analysis and the ethics surroundingRead MoreThe Ford Pinto Case9294 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesTHE FORD PINTO CASE: THE VALUATION OF LIFE AS IT APPLIES TO THE NEGLIGENCE-EFFICIENCY ARGUMENT Christopher Leggett Law Valuation Professor Palmiter Spring, 1999 Abstract Text of Paper -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract The cases involving the explosion of Ford Pintos due to a defective fuel system design led to the debate of many issues, most centering around the use by Ford of a cost-benefit analysis and theRead MoreAircraft Take Off and Landing Using Fuzzy Logics9736 Words Ã |Ã 39 Pages_____________________and was accepted. Signature of H.O.D Signature of M.Tech Incharge Signature of External Examiner ABSTRACT Around 80 percent of jet aircraft accidents occur during take-off and landing phases of flight and close to an airport because of varied weather conditions. Passengers, as well as nearby communities are, therefore at a heightened risk of death or serious injury. Smart products and intelligent manufacturing processes are becoming increasingly common and complex and this trend
This paper uses research articles to provide evidence that risk disclosures are used by investors to make decisions, furthermore how the risk disclosures compare to other factors in influencing an investor to make a decision. The language of the disclosures is used to make a connection on how investors can use litigation to get a return on their investment through legal means if the investor feels that the disclosures were improper. In the article Ã¢â¬Å"Textual risk disclosures and investors risk perceptionsÃ¢â¬ by Kravet and Mushu (2011), the authors provided evidence that textual risk disclosures in annual reports corresponds with a similar amount of increase or decrease in the stock price and increased volatility in the volumes traded in the market, these disclosures are a mean for the managers to send signals about future firm performance to the investors who can then use the information to make a rational decision. The authors research 4315 firms between the years 1994 and 2007 leading to a sample of 28,110 observations for their article. The authors test how the investors and analystÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior changes during the two months before and after the filings of the 10 Ã¢â¬â K reports the authors collect their data from. The test is conducted by linking the various test variables such as changes in stock returns, changes in volume traded by linking them amongst other variables to changes in managem ents forecasts, changes in risk disclosures, changes in sales, changes in institutionalShow MoreRelatedQuestions On Financial Reporting Disclosures1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesabout financial reporting disclosures in 2013 to solve current disclosure overload problem. This report will mainly argue against recommendation four. Choosing this prospect because one of the objectives of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) is to protect consumers from being taken advantage of by other informed participants in the capital market. Among all the suggestions, disclosing different reports for different users has the most significant influence on investors and capital market. SectionRead MoreDisclosure Of Financial Reporting : Verizon Communications Essay1688 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFull Disclosure in Financial Reporting: Verizon Communications Introduction The most important thing to any companyÃ¢â¬â¢s stakeholders is high-quality reporting of its financial statements. Investors, for instance, need to know the truth about a company in order to make an informed decision on whether to make private investment, buy stock or bonds. However, for stakeholders to get the truth about a company, they need to read and understand managementÃ¢â¬â¢s discussion and analysis, the presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s letterRead MoreConceptual Framework For Financial Reporting1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesentity that is useful to existing and potential investors, lenders and other creditors in making decisions about providing resources to the entity Objective of financial reporting InvestorsÃ¢â¬â¢, lendersÃ¢â¬â¢ and other creditorsÃ¢â¬â¢ expectations about returns depend on their assessment of the amount, timing and uncertainty of future net cash inflows to the entity. Decisions by investors about buying, selling or holding equity and debt instruments Decisions by lenders about providing or settling loans andRead MoreManaging A Firm Based On Past Oriented Financial Statements1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontaining certain basic information. the investors face difficulty when pursuing to anticipate the future of a firm based on past-oriented financial statements. Forward-looking information is essential for the investors, as their decisions are largely determined by the future prospects of a company. Forecasting is, however, an intricate process, which is further impeded by the information asymmetry between investors and the companyÃ¢â¬Å¸s management. Investor-oriented reporting became the central themeRead MoreFinancial Disclosure Of A Company1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn any business operations, full financial disclosure refers to the provision of the necessary information about a company for better decision making by the people accustomed. It is the financial revelation of a given company. There are some financial disclosures in any business that ensure proper understanding of financial statements to the financial readers, or potential auditors. Examples are the annual financial reports and the financial declarations of the company. The annual financial reportsRead MoreA Review On Disclosure Practices1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Review of Disclosure Practices of Latin American Companies Abstract This paper analyzes current practices in several Latin American countries in the areas of corporate disclosure and transparency by focusing on the extent to which information is disclosed to investors through public channels, such as websites. We find weak disclosure practices, which will continue to prove problematic for capital flows and the future development of these countries. Specifically, poor disclosure practices leadRead MorePorsche short squeeze1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand 3G, 2 UK-based hedge funds, violated SEC disclosure requirements, hiding their objective to takeover CSX Corporation by entering into equity total return swaps with numerous investment banks. CSX was a one of the largest railroad and transport companies in Eastern US with returns exceed SP during 5 years before the economic downturns, which made it attractive as a take-over prey. This report provides an analysis on how derivatives could be used to gain corporate control, resulted in financialRead MoreTheu.s Security And Exchange Commission847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesexternal users to view. Disclosures are an important section of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s annual report. Every statement within the report is likely to have information that will help readers understand the data. The 2015 annual report of Ralph Lauren Corporation contains various disclosures that explain how the financial figures were determined. The disclosures help explain what the company has done over the past year and what they plan to do in the future. Understanding the disclosures related to cash, cashRead MoreConsolidated Financial Statement Essay973 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Financial statement of a company allows an investor to see the flow of money from that particular company. It records the money going in as well as the money going out. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) has implemented rules on how the consolidated financial statements are presented, disclosed, as well as other rules that affect the variable interest and non-controlling interest. A Consolidated Financial Statement is used when you have a parent company along with its subsidiariesRead MoreThe New Deal Of A Big Depression Hit America1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAnother example is the Investment Company Act, which should protect investors and public interests (Piereson, 2008, May 15th). New rules were introduced in Roosevelts era on a constant basis, which are rather important even today and form one of the pillars of modern credit and capital. Some of these rules include: Deposit insurance Securities regulation Federal regulation of banks In conclusion, it can be seen that investor protection started in the 30s and made financial markets saver for
FamilyUnderstand legislation, policies and procedures for confidentiality and sharing information, including data protection 3. 1, Summarise the main points of legislation and procedures covering confidentiality, data protection and the disclosure of information As a teaching assistant in a large primary school I hear of situations or learn information regarding children I come into contact with. Morally, I deal with this information sensitively whilst around other adults and the child concerned but I am also very aware that I have a duty of confidentiality that is stated under the Ã¢â¬ËData Protection Act 1998Ã¢â¬â¢. This act ensures that confidential information of a child and/or their parents/carers are properly recorded and stored in a filing system, be it manual or computerised, and in a place that no unauthorized persons may gain access to it. In cases where I learn of abuse, neglect or problems at home from a child I know that my school has guidelines in place so that I know when this information has to be logged in writing, which type of Ã¢â¬Ëconcern formÃ¢â¬â¢ to put it in, who it goes to next and where it will be stored from there onwards. These are the guidelines everyone in my setting is aware of. My responsibilities are to make sure I do not pass on any information, unless to my superiors. If I am unsure that it warrants being logged, I would usually check with either my teacher, learning mentors, head of year or members of the schools senior leadership team. Schools ask for certain relevant information from parents or previous schools so that professional care can be given to their child. This information is usually; Names, contact details of family members/carers Medical/health information Allergies/dietary needs Academic abilities Everything to do with S. E. N Reports from previous schools. All information that a parent/carer gives to my school is only shared with people that need to know. For instance, I would only be told of a child that has lived with abuse if I worked directly with that child. If a child had allergies or a medical condition such as epilepsy, everyone within the setting is made aware of this, as this is for the childs safety. Both of these are with the parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ consent though. If information is disclosed and confidentiality is broken, this would result in the individual responsible being disciplined or if the situation was bad enough they would lose their job and could go on to even face legal action. 3. 2, Explain the importance of reassuring children, young people and adults of the confidentiality of shared information and the limits of this Children, young people and adults have to feel reassured that their personal information is being kept confidential. Violation of this trust could have awful repercussions. For children and young people this could cause teasing or bullying in the playground from other children. For parents, this could mean gossip or shunning from other parents. As I work within a primary school it is my job to respect their privacy and not to violate my position of trust. Children, young people or adults must feel safe and secure in the knowledge that I represent my school in a professional manner and would not divulge any knowledge I have of them to anyone other than the relevant people within my school and that the information they supplied to the school is being used solely for the use it was gathered for. This is in accordance with the Ã¢â¬ËData Protection Act 1998Ã¢â¬â¢. Information that is shared throughout the school on a child would only be dietary, allergies or a medical problem that could be life threatening. In this instance the school would have gained signed consent from the parent/carer that this was acceptable. Any information that is shared with outside agencies must first have the parents/carers written permission giving them full details of what will be shared, why and with whom. Parents are aware that any information they pass on to us is kept confidential unless its severity means that we have an obligation to pass it on to any relevant agencies, i. e. social services. We would not divulge to them that we have done this if it unsafe to anybodyÃ¢â¬â¢s wellbeing to do so. An incident highlighting this came to light recently in my class. A 9 year old girl came in one Monday morning with her mum and spoke to the teacher in a private room for some time. I was told later in the day that mums cousin had stabbed and killed someone in an argument over the weekend. I know this to be true as it had been reported on the local news. The girl in my class and her mum were petrified that there was going to be reprisals against them from the dead mans family. My school agreed to be extra vigilant watching out for her daughter, especially at home time, and that the learning mentors would counsel the girl each day so she could air her worries. Mum knew that what she had told us would be kept confidential and not divulged to any other adults or children around the school and that was why she trusted us enough to bring us in on her problem. Although, social services were also informed on the basis of possible harm from others to the girl. Some children, on the other hand, tell you their problems like you are their friend or if questioned about a cut or bruise they donÃ¢â¬â¢t think twice before telling you how they got it. If I believe that what the child has told me is severe then it must be pointed out that the information they have given us cannot be kept a secret and it must be brought to the head teacher or Deputy Heads attention immediately and a written report made of the conversation. For instance, I have a 9 year old boy in my class who has been in and out of social care for the last 4 years but is currently living with his grandparents. He has confidence and anger issues but is generally a friendly boy. The school has regular meetings with social services about him as he is on their Ã¢â¬Ëwatch listÃ¢â¬â¢. Whilst changing for swimming lessons my teacher noticed a long deep graze on his collar bone. When asked about it he matter of factly said Ã¢â¬Ëgranddad did it. He tried to grab me when I was running from him. He was angry at me because I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t eat my dinnerÃ¢â¬â¢. The swimming instructors also noticed it and he again told them with no hesitation that granddad had done it. The boysÃ¢â¬â¢ grandparents were called into the school to discuss this. Notes were made on his file and the notes were referred to on the schools monthly meeting with social services. Confidentiality must be maintained at all times unless we believe a child or young person is at risk of harm from abuse, physical or mental, or they have said they will cause harm to others. Thankfully it is rare for us to breach but we must report to the Safeguarding officer as a minimum who will assess fully to ensure the authorities, if involved, are engaged meaningfully. 3. , Justify the kinds of situations when confidentiality protocols must be breached People like me who work in a childcare setting have to do everything in their power to keep information regarding children, young people and their families confidential, safe and secure. We understand that their details can only be divulged to relevant authorities and agencies once the parents/carers written confirmation has been given and even t hen we will only give information that is relevant to their cause. Without the consent, the school cannot pass anything over, even if it was for a special needs therapist. However, our main priority is the safety and wellbeing of the child or young person. So, if ever we have a genuine cause for concern where we believe they are at risk of harm,i. e. being abused at home, then we have a duty to pass this information on to the relevant person within our setting, in my case the Head Teacher or Deputy Head, who I know will follow it up complying with correct procedure and adhering to policy of escalation. This could mean discussing situations and personal details of the child or young person to social services or even the police. These are the types of authorities we can discuss confidential information with without first getting written permission from the parents/carers. Inform the person to whom the report refers to that you are sharing information on them only if it is safe to do so and will not cause further harm. A recent example could be used of an 8 year old Romanian girl. She has only been with us about 6 months and speaks little English, she has had run ins with other children as she could be quite spiteful to others at times and teachers had had to speak to her as she would disappear to the toilets for 20 minutes or so at a time. I would regularly notice that she had bruising on her body whilst changing for P. E. When I asked her about it she would always have an answer ready, such as, fell off the swing or fell off my bike. When speaking to mum later she would say the same as her daughter. I filled out a Ã¢â¬Ëconcern formÃ¢â¬â¢ anyway so that the school would have a record but kept a conscious eye on her when changing as it did worry me. A few weeks ago she came in to school with an awful bruise on her forehead. When questioned she told me she had banged her head falling over, but It was uite plain to see that it was an imprint of a heel of shoe. I completed a Ã¢â¬Ëpink concern formÃ¢â¬â¢ (which is for worst cases) and went straight to my head teacher and waited while he read it. From there onwards it was taken out of my hands, but I was later told that the girl had a meeting with my head teacher and our head learning mentor where she admitted her mum had hit her with a shoe for not eating all her di nner. First Response were called (who are the emergency social carers) and by 4pm that day she was in a foster home. After that day, I have not been involved or been told of what is happening behind the scenes, but I know that for the last 2 weeks I have seen a changed little girl. She is happy and making friends. Just how it should be. Another example is of school photographs. We are only allowed to display photographs around the school, on our website or in our school prospectus if we have written permission first from their parents/carers. However, if social services or the police request photographs as part of an investigation we are duty bound to pass them over even if no permission has been given. Any information or photographs that have been passed over should be recorded on the child or young personÃ¢â¬â¢s notes of who it was sent to, what you divulged and for what reason. Confidential information can be shared if there is sufficient public interest. The question of whether there is a sufficient public interest must be judged by the practitioner on the facts of each case. The pros and cons of what might happen against what might not happen have to be weighed up before deciding to disclose facts. Even then, it should only be accurate, up to date facts that are appropriate to the subject matter and never opinion. Confirmation of the Identity of the person you are speaking with should always be sought as unscrupulous people will lie to get information they want. This could be used in an example of a journalist pretending to be a court official, contacting the school on a pupil that is testifying in court, just to get some back ground gossip. We should always ensure that any information that is being faxed or emailed will be seen only by the intended person, so ensuring of secured lines is imperative.
Question: Write an Eassay on Strategic Human Resource Management? Answer: Introduction Global marketplace is an area that attracts most of the company to initiate strategies essential for the motivation. This entails use of certain strategies that help the companies to enter the international marketplace. In such case the most important aspect that is necessary is to understand the need of the specific market (Rugman Collinson, 2009). It is a completely new infrastructure that is framed in order to receive the desired positioning in the global market. In the present study ToolsCorp Corporation in trying to break in the international market after, its present location being Tennessee. Strategies required entering the global marketplace The major strategies that could be implemented include the ones like that of the following: To know about the history and customer behavior- It is important to know the customer perception and the particular history of the place. This helped the company to know about the wants of the customer based on the culture. It is the understanding of the cultural aspect that helps the company to enter in the market knowing the desires of the particular customer base (Harness, 2009). The behaviors of the customer are largely dependent on the demographic location and the culture that they retain. Value fluctuation relating to the economic facilities- this is one of the most important aspects that may be dealt with the import export facilities. In this regard some company or organization may need more of time based on the country they are entering. The return of investment in such case may take time if the country has high levels of economic fluctuations. Knowledge of laws- The contract law or the knowledge of the business law of the particular country is important. In this case the major issues that may be related to the consumer law must be known by the company. Modi (2012) opines this helps the company to formulate the strategies and offer service based on the knowledge. Comprehensive ideas about the legal system of the nation are crucial in dealing with the intervention of any company in the market. Understanding the focus group for prospective benefits- In every country or a particular locality there are certain needs and demands. This is specific to the cultural orientation or the preference of the population. There has to be a market analysis that is to be conducted based on a survey. This would help the company to understand the wants of the customers which has been targeted as the audience. To understand the competition- In case of the understanding the competition it is important to make a market survey. This would help in getting the similar products that may be made by the new company. The strategy and the products are to be made in such manner that most of the products must gain the competitive advantage. This would benefit the company with the profit perspectives (Martin, 2009). Managing the network- The management of the entire network has to be effective. This would help in getting the structure of the entire organization. The strategies for the efficient management of the resources are important even in the local area. The network in such case has to be hierarchical and also the entire structure of the company has to be cohesive. Multimarket network is to be followed. The hierarchy in such case must be effective. Promotional offers- In most of the company to enter the international market there are certain promotional offers that may be offered. Huang et al. (2011) mentions this helps in the positioning of the brand and to attract the customers. Customers are inclined towards buying the products that are offered to them in a lower price with discounts or offers. This may act as a drive for the company if the customers are happy and to retain them in the future. Penetration pricing- Most of the company make use of the pricing strategy to enter the international market. This helps the company to gain the competitive advantage along with the retention of the customers. However, it is essential in this regard to note that service and quality of products has to be appropriate (Wang Sun, 2009). Conclusion It may be concluded after reviewing the above mentioned strategies that ToolsCorp Corporation can make use of them. It is important to understand the market that they are entering and accordingly tailor the strategies. The strategy that may be amended by the company is proper management and infrastructure that would be helpful in getting the desired result. References Harness, T. (2009). Research methods for the empirical study of strategic human resource management. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 12(3), 321-336. Huang, W., Huang, W., Chiu, C. (2011). The impact of specified professional development programme information as a marketing tool for effective recruitment. Human Resource Development International, 14(1), 57-73. Martin, J. (2009). Human resource management. Los Angeles: SAGE. Modi, P. (2012). Market orientation in nonprofit organizations: innovativeness, resource scarcity, and performance. Journal Of Strategic Marketing, 20(1), 55-67. Rugman, A., Collinson, S. (2009). International business. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall Financial Times. Wang, G., Sun, J. (2009). Clarifying the boundaries of human resource development. Human Resource Development International, 12(1), 93-103.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Why has it been claimed that students who use English as a second language are more likely to plagiarise
Introduction The users of English language as a second language especially in schools have a higher temptation of committing plagiarism. ESL students are also not very confident on their original English words especially when they use them in addressing a native English speaker.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Why has it been claimed that students who use English as a second language are more likely to plagiarise? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some countries where these students come from like China and Japan put little or no emphasis on the need for proper citation in acknowledging the works of others. This may be the foundation of academic dishonesty among such students. According to (Dant, 1986, p.81) students in high schools are taught to copy without giving credit to the owner of a certain written work. There are also debates on what plagiarism is as others argue that there are no original words as all pe ople use words learnt from others. Learning institutions that admit students who use English as their second language (ESL) should put in place the necessary measures to educate them on the evils of plagiarism besides showing them how to avoid it. This will benefit both the students and the schools in improving the learning standards. As such, the paper seeks to discuss the factors that predispose ESL students to be more involved in plagiarism. Reasons why ESL students are more likely to plagiarise ESL learners may be ignorant of plagiarism. According to (Piety, 2002, p.1), people have done plagiarism at some point unintentionally. Most of the people who find themselves in gross violation of plagiarism standards do not know whether they are plagiarising other peoples work or not. There are various reasons as to why students who use English as their second language are more likely to be involved in plagiarism. Although there is no conventional definition of plagiarism, it can be defi ned as the use of words or even phrases of another person and rewording thoughts of another person in a closely related manner. This means that students who use English as a second language may involve themselves in plagiarism without any intention. Some schools even go to the extent of encouraging students to copy othersÃ¢â¬â¢ work from the textbooks in most Chinese schools, for instance. The use of other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s work is also a show of learning and accomplishment in China (Buranen, 1999, p.69). Such students are ignorant of their plagiaristic actions.Advertising Looking for essay on languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Since they have been taught to use other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s work as a sign of having read the work, they use direct wordings of the writers to prove it. In some schools, teachers also demand direct wording of answers as they appear in certain books. Some academic discipline may also encourage ESL s tudents to plagiarise. For example, science subjects require direct answers as they appear from the discipline masters. This implies a higher likelihood of plagiarism in the works of undergraduate students. Students that use English as the second language also face difficulties in distinguishing between plagiarisms and paraphrasing. The ESL students therefore plagiarise more due to confusion and variation in expectations. According to (Hall, 2005, p.12), plagiarism arises from confusion and different expectations. Confusion between plagiarism and paraphrasing will always exist. This means that, up to date, there is no clear distinction between the two. In many cases, students are taught to paraphrase original work when writing their academic papers and dissertations. To the ESL students who have language variety limitation, paraphrasing may not be any different from plagiarising. This holds because their limited English words may not have a variety of words. Hence, they just replace each word from the original word with another word that they think bears the same meaning. This makes a little or no difference between having plagiarised and having paraphrased other peoples work. In addition, institutional meaning and scope of plagiarism differs. The scope of plagiarism varies from one institution to the other. According to (Meyers, 1998, p.2), there is no single definition of plagiarism. The definitions exist in the form of institutional rules and regulations rather than a law. This may refer to the use of another personÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas and words and not acknowledging them or even failure to acknowledge the owners of language, research, and ideas used in essays, dissertations, and other written works. The ESL students are therefore likely to adapt to the plagiarism rules of the school they join rather than applying what they already leant from their previous schools.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Why has it been claimed that students who use English as a second language are more likely to plagiarise? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This variation of what constitutes plagiarism in one institution and what constitute it in another institution may predispose the ESL student to plagiarism. Furthermore, variations of language rules may also make them easily fall in the plagiarism trap. Moreover, cultural influence is another reason as to why ESL students plagiarise. According to (Hu, 2001, p.54), science and history students are required to find sources to copy from them not only in China but also in Italy. These students are also advised to directly copy author sources that are well honored as a sign of intelligence and good judgments (William, 1995, p.27). When these students join schools that use English as a language of instruction, they find it difficult to avoid this temptation. However, regardless of their academic orientation, these new institutions consider such actions as plagiarism. The ESL students therefore find themselves being involved in plagiarism due to their cultural predisposition. Since the academic culture and their first language in which these students have been brought up disregard plagiarism, it becomes difficult for them to avoid it even when using English as a second language. Laxity of some institutions in enforcing plagiarism regulations is also a reason as to why ESL students are more likely to be involved in plagiarism. According to Dryden (1995, p.5), as long as students mention all books in their bibliography, they can present the ideas from the books as if they were theirs especially if the patchwork is beautiful. This means that some institutions are never strict on plagiarism. The ESL students that join institutions that use English as a language of instruction may come from such institutions. If the previous institutions did not put much emphasis on writing original works and even citing parts or sentences deriv ed from other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s work, such students are likely to plagiarise. Since most institutions are reluctant to enforce plagiarism regulations, each individual institution should then devise means of curbing plagiarism.Advertising Looking for essay on languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, poor language and writing skills in second language is another reason why ESL students are likely to plagiarise more. According to (Liu, 2005, p.234), plagiarising in a second language is predominantly a linguistic matter. Therefore, the main reason for Asian ESL students to plagiarise is poor language and writing skills. This therefore means that, since the ESL students have poor or little mastery of the English language that is used as a language of instruction and examination, they copy the work of those they believe have better mastery of the language. This makes them assured that they will not fail because of poor wording. The ESL students are also forced to memorise as a means of learning since the language aspect also becomes a new area of learning in addition to their academic discipline. The ESL students take memorising as a tool for learning (Liu, 2005, p.237). Since every language is learned with learning being a process, the ESL students are faced with an extra working area than the native English speakers. The ESL students lack confidence in their second language writing skills. According to (Buranen, 1999, p.73), much plagiarism done by English as second language and English as foreign language students comes of fear of punishment for grammatical mistakes. It is due to poor English language skills that these students are tempted to plagiarise in order to comply with the language regulations of the institution to avoid failing because of poor language of communication. They also fear that their ideas and arguments on the examinations may not come out clearly in their own original works especially on assignments and examinations papers. The aspect of learning another language also becomes a burden to the student. It is an additional workload to the learner. It is easier to note the writing of a writer who is a nonnative speaker (Buranen, 1999, p.70: McCabe, 2003 p.23). This means that his/her writing depicts a lot of clichÃ ©s and altern ative words since most of the ESL students are not sure of the meaning of the English words they use, for example, use of words like or, even, either, and many others. This makes them uncertain of whether the words that they used were interpreted to carry the same meaning as they intended. Conclusion In conclusion, while there is no conventional definition of the word plagiarism, the use of other peoples works without acknowledgement amounts to academic dishonesty. Students who use English language as their second language are more likely to be victims of plagiarism. This follows due to various predisposing factors like being ignorant of having made plagiarism mistakes, cultural orientation and variations, institutional laxity, increased access to the internet, lack of confidence in professional use of English as a second language, and poor mastery of the English language writing skills. It is therefore imperative that institutions that admit students that use English as a second la nguage put in place mechanisms to ensure that ESL students are taught how to avoid plagiarism and the penalties of making such academic crimes. Reference List Buranen, L. (1999). But I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t cheating. Perspectives on plagiarism and intellectualÃ property in a postmodern world. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press. Dant, D. (1986). Plagiarism in high school: A survey. English Jot/mal, 75(1), 81-84. Dryden, L. (1999). No more copying? Plagiarism reconsidered, with a view to reducing itÃ In student writing. Paper presented at the KOTESOL proceedings PAC2. Seoul. Korea: The Second PanAmerican Conference. Hall, J. (2005). Plagiarism across the curriculum: How academic communities can meetÃ The challenge of the undocumented writer. ATD. Across the disciplines. Interdisciplinary perspectives on language, learning and academic writing. Retrieved from http://wac.colostate.edu/atd/articles/hall2005.cfm Hu, J. (2001). An alternative perspective of language reuse: Insi ghts from textual and Learning theories and L2 academic writing. English Quarterly, 33(1), p. 27. Liu, D. (2005). Plagiarism in ESOL students: Is cultural conditioning truly the major Culprit?. English Language Teaching Journal, 59(3), p. 237. McCabe, D. (2003). Promoting academic integrity: A US/Canadian perspective inÃ Educational integrity: Plagiarism and other perplexities. The proceedings of the Australian Educational Integrity Conference. Australia: University of South Australia. Piety, M. (2002). A culture of plagiarism. 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